The armed forces oligarchy filled a dominant position and has been in effective command of state power ever since the creation of the state. This oligarchy mounted politicians and political celebrations in business office to provide a faГ§ade of parliamentary government intended for adecade; after that it decided to get rid of them in 1958, when the prospects with the impending general elections seemed to pose difficult to its supremacy. The intervention of the oligarchy plus more particularly, with the military, started to be more effective and intensified if the new condition started facing problems of vast degree. These included inexperienced and inadequate administrative staff, a huge refugee difficulty, poor economical resources, local conflicts, the decline in the Muslim League and the advent of coalitional governmental policies and shaky governments. This kind of ultimately resulted in the collapse of the parliamentary system, the utter failing on the part of the political management to provide a performing civilian authorities by designing a consensus within the rules of polity, and the total not caring of the elites towards the world and their complications.
Causes of Armed service Intervention in Pakistan: A Revisionist Talk It is interesting that Pakistan and india provide illustrations of the different as well as changing patterns of civil-military relations. The most excellent contribution of British guideline in India in the field of armed service administration was the norm and practice of civil-military relationships which stressed overall civilian control plus the military's aloofness from governmental policies. 1 Nevertheless , in Pakistan, after bit more than 11 years of the faГ§ade of civilian parliamentary government, the military intervened and enforced its own regulation. On several occasions, the
military intervened overtly and imposed martial law throughout the country: March 1958, Mar 1969, Come july 1st 1977 and October 99. The army justified it is extreme action on the ground of instability in the country. In 1958, General Muhammad...
References: you Yeena Kukreja, Military Input in Pakistan: A Case
Analyze of Pakistan (New Delhi: NOB), 85
2 Ian Talbot, Pakistan: A Modern Background (Lahore:
Vanguard Books, 1999),
(New Delhi: Understanding World, 2004), p. 149.
6 Zarina Salamat, Pakistan 1947-58: A great Historical Assessment
(Islamabad: NIHCR, 1992), l
7 Saeed Shafqat, Personal System of Pakistan and General public
Policy (Lahore: Progressive Writers, 1989), s
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twelve Chaudhri Muhammad Ali, The Emergence of Pakistan,
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