SOX- Dissertation

Stand of Items


Our elected representatives passed the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 in response to financial scandals perpetrated by Enron and WorldCom, and it has had a strong impact on corporate accounting and monetary decision-making. This law was intended to boost financial openness for publicly-traded companies. The Sarbanes-Oxley Work established fresh regulations and penalties to get public corporations to protect buyers. In addition , this created the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board, or PCAOB, which is responsible for overseeing, controlling, inspecting, and disciplining accounting firms inside their roles because auditors of public businesses. This new legislation has afflicted accounting and financial decision-making because it requires senior supervision to be responsible for every economical statement given by the business. Also, they have regulated just how board members and auditors interact by simply reducing disputes of pursuits by banning auditors via working with firms that they have personal interest in. Values plays a great prominent part in accounting and economic decision-making because money and greed will corrupt persons. Many companies can certainly lose their particular reputations due to unethical procedures, and laws and regulations such as the Sarbanes-Oxley Act offer an ethical framework of which to manage their actions. Why was your Sarbanes-Oxley Take action needed?

The Sarbanes-Oxley Work of 2002 took impact at a period of time of great trouble for corporate America. Following the collapse of Enron in late 2001, the Bush administration, the U. T. Congress, the Securities and Exchange Percentage (SEC), plus the stock exchanges proposed capturing new rules to address the actual saw while systemic failures in the governance, internal settings, and disclosure practices of public businesses. In Summer 2002, aiming to determine if fraud was rampant in public places companies, the SEC bought the CEOs and CFOs of the 945 largest publicly-traded companies to file sworn statements attesting for the integrity of the financial and also other information contained in their SEC filings for that year. Meanwhile, many pieces of change bills proved helpful their method through the two houses of Congress, going widely undetected until the landmark disclosure of your multi-billion buck accounting scandal at WorldCom, Inc., among the largest scams in U. S. record. The wave of company scandals concluding in WorldCom propelled Our elected representatives and the White-colored House to move. This triggered the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (SOX, the Act) passed the two houses by overwhelming margins (423 to 3 in the House and 99 to 0 inside the Senate). It was signed in to law by President Bush on September 30, 2002, just thirty five days following WorldCom's story that it acquired overstated its revenues simply by at least $3. eight billion (later considered to have been completely at least $9 billion in 1999 only according to a SEC statement). The Work consists of eleven main areas intended to increase corporate responsibility (" SEC/Sarbanes Oxley Changes”, 2006).

The Act as well required the creation in the five-member Open public Company Accounting Oversight Table (PCAOB) to join up, oversee, control, inspect and discipline general public accounting firms, including international audit companies whose audit reports will be included in SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION'S filings, and persons associated with such firms. The SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION'S appoints the members of the PCAOB and has oversight and observance authority over it.

The PCAOB is billed with developing and enforcing auditing, top quality control, values and independence standards and rules for public business accountants. The SEC will not likely accept a great audit statement from a great accounting firm that is not listed with the PCAOB. Thus, SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION'S reporting firms must seek the services of the services of a registered public accounting organization. The PCAOB is financed by fresh fees enforced on publicly-traded companies based on their industry capitalization – the costs range from as little as $100 to get the very littlest companies to more than $1...

References: Holt, M. (2007, 30 November). The Sarbanes-Oxley Act: price, benefits and business impacts. Available


SEC/Sarbanes Oxley Changes to Offer Small Public Firms a Break. (2006, Dec 6). Gathered from

Business Essay